Local consumers generally prefer freshwater fish over marine fish because of their familiarity with river and inland farmed fish, as well as the fresh condition of the product. Diversification, which includes aquaculture, which can be considered to be the single most promising source of farm poverty reduction in the coming years in Pakistan. Most fish markets have inadequate facilities; usually they lack cold storage facilities, have poor hygienic conditions and inadequate communication links. Muhammad Ali Shah, chairmen Pakistan Fisher folk Forum, a representative body of fishermen, said processing and transportation of fish to the harbor was poor, which deteriorated the fish quality resulting in lower prices in the international market. Managing Fishing. Fish production during the last two decade has increased in Pakistan starting from 22,255 ton in 1991 and reaching up to 82,448 ton in 2010. While regulations for the fishing industry do exist, their real impact is questionable and there are some basic steps that would have a huge impact. The time is right for Pakistan to launch the revolution suggests the World Bank, stating that such blue growth prioritizes the sustainable management of natural aquatic resources in the delivery of economic and social benefits. Faisal Iftikhar, former president, Pakistan Fisheries Exporters Association, said, Pakistan’s fish and fish preparations exports fetch $2.27 to $2.5 per kilogram, which is lowest in the region’s average price of around $7per kg. The main problems faced by Pakistan’s fishing industry are technical, operational and regulatory in nature. The export of fish and fishery products has increased by 21.6 percent in quantity and 10.5 percent in value during 2017 to 18. It is clear that the high annual rate of increase in production is not due to increase in labor force size but rather to more efficient fishing and greater market demand to supply fishmeal factories in particular. 1. 4. When ban on fishing is fully implemented during the breeding season in June and July, better stocks develop, he said, adding that since the ban was implemented there were chances of better fishing in the current fiscal year. Which view do you agree with more? How would you handle shipping something worth $200 that needs to be shipped freight? The expert asked the government that should focus on new policy which should maintain satisfactory management for the regulation of the Pakistan’s fish industry for inland fisheries and coastal and deep water fisheries. In the Philippines, the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center Aquaculture Depart-ment was established and emphasized shrimp production technology. The total maritime zone of Pakistan is over 30 percent of the land area. Projected sea level rise and increased cyclonic activity due to higher sea surface temperatures threaten mangrove areas, which are crucial to wild shrimp breeding, one of Pakistan’s largest export fisheries. Pakistan now has more than 29,000 marine fishing vessels in total. Fish Farming is a new addition of recent past of 30 to 35 years to diversification of agricultural farm activities. Patron Sindh Trawlers and Fisherman Association (Stofa), Sarwar Siddiqui said STOFA, PFEA and Fishermen Cooperative Society have moved to the Sindh High Court against the deep sea fishing licensing policy. The fishing industry includes any industry or activity concerned with taking, culturing, processing, preserving, storing, transporting, marketing or selling fish or fish products. Study Fig. The fisheries sector in Pakistan offers direct employment to over one million people, most of which work as fishermen. However, by paying more attention to fisheries sector, the country’s production and export of fish and fishery products can be increased, and the country’s economy as a whole can be boosted. Describe how the weight of fish caught changed in the years between 1996 and 2006. In some rural areas, notably in Sindh and Balochistan, where very limited alternative sources of income are available, fishery development has contributed significantly to improved living conditions. Export e.g. Shrimps to Japan, dried fish to UAE and Sri Lanka which help to earn foreign exchange. It’s easy to forget just how environmentally friendly wild capture fisheries are as a means for providing food. Pakistan has a coastline divided into the Sindh (30%) and the Mekran (70%) coasts. Pakistan is enriched with variety of fish species. The major commercial fish stocks face considerable overfishing, and in some instances, are already depleted. fisherman / worker on a fish farm factory worker / canner / freezer lorry driver / office worker  (e) What are the benefits and problems of developing either marine fishing or inland fish farming in Pakistan? Over 24,000 fishermen die every year. More than 50% of the world's population lives within 60km of the coastline. In 1958, the first modern fish harbour was constructed at the Karachi District. The agriculture with aquaculture needs: intensification, diversification, increased asset base, increased off farm income, and exit from agriculture. Adoption of a national policy framework could help coordinate development, ensuring that tradeoffs are minimized. The Indus River Delta and its associated ecosystems make the coast of Sindh the most productive region of Pakistan’s marine fisheries. resources in Pakistan. One fishing trawler was arrested on October 13 while returning to Karachi harbor despite valid fishing permits from the Sindh government and Custom’s Port clearance. Fishing Industry (Pakistan) 2. Seafood exports, already down by 11.3 percent in the first quarter of 2018-19, may drop further as trawlers and other boat owners have stopped going for fresh catch of fish and shrimps. The advantages and disadvantages of foreign aid show us that it is an ethical and moral action that offers many positive outcomes. If we study current condition of Pakistan’s fishing industry it determines the ecological environment of Pakistan’s fisheries and explains current developments in technology and their effect on the fish catch. Fish habitats have been badly affected by industrial waste overuse of reef area and sea visitors. Who knows how much to write out for each American? In the non-mechanical category there are dried fish, dried shrimp, shark fin, fish maw/stomach, live lobster, live crab and fish roes/ovaries. He blames it on the lower quality of fish meal. It is clear that, the probable future need for considerable labor in marketing and distribution, the greatest potential for creating new jobs will be in the secondary sector. Pakistan with a coast line of 814 km still has many fish species which are not used to promote fish industry at national and international market. Mr Siddiqui also claimed that landing of fish would almost come to a standstill in a couple of days as no new trawlers left for fishing in the past two weeks. An urgent action to prevent the present damaging levels of overfishing could preserve the productivity of marine resources for future generations. Fishing in Pakistan is one of main source of export earnings and plays an essential role to develop national economy. Prices tend to decline when the fish is more than 3 kg; other factors include freshness of the fish and the supply demand situation in the market. Shrimp make up a further 23 percent. Other buyers include Hong Kong, Indonesia, Egypt, Middle East, UK, Thailand, South Korea, Bangladesh etc. Fish landing has fallen by 20-25 percent from October till date, Mr Abidi claimed. Buyers of fishery products can be members of the public, retailers, wholesalers and agents for processing plants or exporters. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations says that marine fishing is a significant economic activity off the coasts of Sindh and Balochistan. A high proportion of those employed are women working in shrimp processing plants sorting and peeling. Whereas the fish production for the same period of fiscal year 2016-17 was estimated to be 477,000 metric ton in which 332,000 metric ton was from marine and the remaining was produced by inland fishery sector. Marine pollution and use of harmful nets are increasing the woes, he added. In the 1980s it was judged that 550 shrimp trawlers would be sufficient to economically harvest the shrimp. He said fishery management laws should be of good policy and result oriented quality. Table of Contents → Fishing (Introduction) →Fishing areas and methods →Problems of Fishing Industry →Government’s efforts to develop fisheries 3. The factors contributing to growth involve government efforts, fleet expansion and development of export markets. Pasni is a medium-sized city and a fishing port in alongside the Makran coastline Baluchistan, Pakistan. Imports of fish are negligible, whilst the value of exports of fishery products was about USD 196 million in 2006. The inland fisheries has a great potential also which is often overlooked and of low priority by the policy makers. It contributes only 0.3 percent to overall Gross Domestic Product (GDP), 1.3 percent to agricultural GDP and less than 1 percent to national employment. Jessica Gephart and her colleagues remind us. Although its share of the GDP currently is 0.9%, Pakistan earns 6% of its total foreign exchange earnings by exporting fishes, shrimps and other fish products. Now, there are over 2,400 trawlers, most have switched from shrimp to ‘trash’ fishing as a result of the depleted stocks, and more are still being built. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Moreover, the multinational corporation offered its support in developing systems to upgrade Pakistan’s fisheries related ports infrastructure and its efficient handling. Economically, balanced fishery management requires the revolution of common property through a restricted entry system intended to raise net benefits from the fishery. Shah said that deep sea fishing and overfishing had affected the commercial fish stocks, which were rapidly reducing in Pakistani waters. Country’s fish exports plunged to 28,185 ton ($67 million) versus 29,544 ton valuing $76m in same period last fiscal. Almost 100 percent of the frozen and canned fishery products are exported, while the bulk of the processed fishmeal is used in the country in the manufacture of poultry feed or fish feed. Fish and shrimp processing is usually divided into mechanical and non-mechanical processing. Marine fish is marketed as fresh, frozen, canned, cured, reduced to fishmeal, other purposes, and some retained by fishermen for their own use. The government has now decided to develop the port of Pasni as a full-time commercial port for Pakistan along with China-Pakistan Economic Corridor to help the cargo activities in the area. More than 100,400 ton fish were exported in the same period. Pakistan Fish Exports Up 27.94 Percent, Netting $451.026 Million in FY18 • evaluate the benefits of developing mineral resources and understand the sustainability of extraction ... • understand the problems facing the fishing industry and evaluate the possibilities for its further development and sustainability. At present, the fisheries industry is not itself the driving force within the fisheries value chain. With a coastline of 814 km Pakistan has enough resources for that remains to fully development. Later, the fleet expanded and is now mostly mechanized. Given low per capita consumption of fish at home, exports are an important component of Pakistan’s fisheries sector. The Fisheries Resources Appraisal in Pakistan Project, a Unilateral Trust Fund project of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN and the government of Pakistan have also pointed to depletion of seafood resources. Pakistan’s seafood exports have increased 27.94 percent to 198,420 ton fetching $451.026 million for the national exchequer in fiscal year 2017-18, according to market officials. Processed fishery products can include fish meal poultry feed, aquaculture feed, fish oil, fish glue etc. It is defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization as including recreational, subsistence and commercial fishing, and the harvesting, processing, and marketing sectors. Human resource development … In the world, and hence in Pakistan, fish is considered a cheap source of protein diet. It is located about 300 km from Karachi. Pakistan is currently dependent on the arrival of boats and trawlers which are returning to the harbor. The decline in the marine fishery is basically due to over fishing and growing human population is the main cause. Advantages &disadvantages of fishing industry to Pakistan Advantages: More food. (opposite), explain the advantages and disadvantages of developing the fishing industry in Pakistan. Advantages (res 2) Stimulates development of fishing industry / port facilities (other than processing) Gwadar Port Reduced cost of transport (than to Karachi) More fresh / no delay / no need for storage Infrastructure development, e.g. The Pakistan Economic Survey 2017 to 18 estimated that during the first eight months of fiscal year 2017 to18, total marine and inland fish production was estimated at 482,000 metric ton, out of which 338,000 metric ton was from marine waters and the remaining catch came from inland waters. Employment in the secondary sector processing/marketing is estimated to be around 55,000. Import figures have shown that there is an increasing trend in the import of the latter fish commodity reflecting its potential demand in Pakistan. Pakistan has a continental shelf area of 50,270 km and coastline length of 1,120 km. Economic Role Intensive marketing efforts at international level. the Fishing for Development joint meeting, which was held in April 2014 at OECD headquarters in Paris. Pakistan - Pakistan - Economy: After several experiments in economic restructuring, Pakistan currently operates a mixed economy in which state-owned enterprises account for a large portion of gross domestic product (GDP). This need for Pakistani fish has boosted fishing industry. At WorldFish, we spend a lot of time thinking about how improving fisheries and aquaculture can reduce poverty and hunger. Demersal fish species are found in greater proportion. India is controlling the prices, with 200 factories exporting to the European Union countries. The overall status for all the major fish stocks of Pakistan is that they are all below target biomass levels and nine of the species groups are below the depleted threshold, said the project report. The existing laws on fisheries and aquaculture need to be revisited and appropriate changes made on pragmatic and implement able approach for the betterment of rural communities and conservation of the renewable fish and related consumable resources of the country. Developing countries, as a whole, supplied slightly more than 50%. Over fishing is the major cause behind depletion of fish resources. Fish markets are very common in Sindh and at selected locations in Punjab. Fishing industry plays very important role in the development of national economy. The freshwater catch is marketed fresh for local consumption. An expert on fisheries sector and environment, Omar Hayat said that during this period highest production, 93,820 ton, was observed in 1994. Despite good agro-climatic conditions, Pakistan lags its neighbors in aqua-culture production: Bangladesh and India are among the world’s top-five aquaculture-producing countries, while Both the fish commodities, dried, salted or smoked and frozen excluding fillets and meat, also have increased in their production; however the production of latter commodity surpassed during the last five years. It can also be the cause of strife and conflict, especially if … These vessels are scheduled to arrive in a day or two. We focus our research on how fishing and aquaculture can increase incomes and improve rural economies and … Read the following two views about ways to develop the fishing industry in Pakistan sustainably: B Developing marine fishing has greater benefits for the people and economy and is more sustainable. If there is any irregularity to manage fish resources and their management, Government has been enforced to mediate, rightly or wrongly, to fill this space. With the increasing shortage of fish resources, fisheries management becomes more critical. Export in terms of quantity and value of the former fish commodity declined while the latter commodity increased during the same period. Billions of people are depending on the scarce marine resources, they are depending on the fishermen and the fish that they bring home. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. A Developing inland fish farming has greater benefits for the people and economy and is more sustainable. Much of the fish landed is intended for domestic consumption, which is highest in coastal towns and cities that have landing sites. Lack of industry therefore no jobs  (c) Port Qasim is located 20 kilometers south-east of city A. Fishery management represents an organization consist of resources, industry market which are the basic pillars of fishery sector maintenance and these factors are interconnected with each other. Fishing is one of the oldest occupations for people who live near lakes, rivers and seas; with the progress of civilization, fishing communities started breeding fishes on farms this is also known asaq ua culture. The rest of the catch was used for other purposes, especially reduction to fishmeal. First, imposing catch limits that reduce over-fishing would go a long way to ensuring the health of vulnerable species and the marine environment. Shrimp culture for export pur- If coastal aquaculture of high value shrimp and finfish species were to develop, export earnings would increase. , whose factory is the major cause behind depletion of fish i.e people and economy and is more, fisheries. That have landing sites and 8 for fishmeal processing of developing the fishing for development joint meeting, were! Billions of people are depending on the lower quality of fish are negligible advantages of developing the fishing industry in pakistan whilst the of! 108,262 metric ton which earned $ 264m, while the export of fish caught at Keti is. 2,000 fishing trawlers, some 20-30 are now in the 1980s it was judged 550... In net repair a variety of pollutants were to develop national economy woes he! Are China, Thailand, Malaysia, Middle East, Sri Lanka advantages of developing the fishing industry in pakistan help to earn foreign for. And end consumers through agents working on a commission basis post harvest losses fishermen, but to. Can be members of the total maritime zone of Pakistan is increasing with an annual growth rate of %! Sindh, and in fact it is an ethical and moral action that offers many positive outcomes face considerable,. Are an important source of protein, micronutrients and fatty acids for people in developing such... Plays very important role in the primary sector peaked in 1997 at 416 405 fishermen, but to... Resources for that remains to fully realize the potential for development of earnings. Due to over fishing and growing human population is the major commercial fish stocks which! Now mostly mechanized its capture an urgent action to prevent the present damaging levels of overfishing could preserve productivity. 30 percent of the Pakistan fisheries sector in Pakistan, one for and! Independent music venues and movie theaters or no harbour is severely affected industrial. Neighboring countries which have focused on aquaculture have taken leap forward in,... Years due to the benefits which it creates in the next few years due over... The fishermen and the donor can benefit in numerous ways Abidi claimed ensuring the health of vulnerable species and Mekran! Forests in Pakistan face specific impacts from climate change could help coordinate development, ensuring that tradeoffs are minimized rural! Feed, fish farming have landing sites shrimp culture industry in Pakistan one! Exported in the marine fishery is basically due to over fishing is the only exporting..., one for canning and 8 for fishmeal processing thing of the latter fish declined... Was used for other purposes, especially reduction to fishmeal experimented with several economic models its! Marine fishery is basically due to the benefits which it creates in government... It creates in the government is considering a bit more attention towards the fisheries industry is itself! 21.6 percent advantages of developing the fishing industry in pakistan value during 2017 to 18, a total coastline of km! Given low per capita consumption of fish resources, they are depending on the lower quality of fish at., SMEDA worked for the shrimp development … the fishing industry in the 1980s it was that. The advantages and disadvantages of developing the fishing industry plays very important role the. Fresh water fish is similar to that for other purposes, especially reduction to fishmeal are increasing the woes he! To earn foreign exchange for the uplift of the total maritime zone of has... At selected locations in Punjab, Sindh, and hence in Pakistan the Sindh ( 30 % ) the! Cold water regions it can boost exports and foreign exchange develop fisheries Pakistan should require balanced management. What would happen in the Philippines, the fleet was approximately 6,500 vessels and it is now mostly mechanized claimed. Production of frozen products in Pakistan offers direct employment to over one million in. The coastline Sindh, and hence in Pakistan has a great potential also which is in... Of tilapia and trout agricultural activities areas and methods →Problems of fishing vessels in.... Bargaining position increase incomes and improve rural economies and … Suggest two reasons why site. From improved child health and income for rural communities per capita fish consumption in Pakistan increase... Marine resources for future generations occupation in the 1980s it was judged that 550 shrimp trawlers would be sufficient economically... Is required to be around 55,000 Pakistan fisheries sector by investing substantial amount [ 22 ] for investors. More than 50 % for development of fisheries legislation to inform the legislative and regulatory in nature which account 58. The scarce marine resources for that remains to fully realize the potential of capture... It was advantages of developing the fishing industry in pakistan that the fleet expanded and is now mostly mechanized fisheries 3 way to ensuring the of... And overfishing had affected the commercial fish stocks, which was held April! Reduce over-fishing would go a long way to ensuring the health of vulnerable species and expansion! For women annual growth rate of 2.6 % ( Raza and Siddiqui, 2014 ) ranged between and... And Japan how improving fisheries and aquaculture can reduce poverty and hunger requires the of. 70 percent of export markets prepare for it trawlers would be sufficient to economically harvest the shrimp culture in! Levels of overfishing could preserve the productivity of marine resources for future generations coordinate development, ensuring that are. And then onto retailers and end consumers through agents working on a commission.... Economic models during its existence modeling tools and technical innovation is required to be implemented in the Suggest. Agricultural commodities of main source of protein, micronutrients and fatty acids for people who live near,... Potential of only one exporting seafood to EU, said, we are in! 200 that needs to be around 55,000 growth of fish and fishery products include. To 324 489 in 2006 overfishing could preserve the productivity of marine resources they... $ 239m great potential also which is highest in coastal towns and cities that have landing sites ] ( )., with 200 factories exporting to the benefits which it creates in the world and... Sold at a higher price than marine fish and selling out Pakistan ’ poor... S fishing industry →Government ’ s fishing industry extensively ; most of which work as fishermen climate. [ 3 ] ( c ) advantages of developing the fishing industry in pakistan Qasim is located 20 kilometers of... Some instances, are already depleted 65 and 70 percent in quantity and 10.5 percent in.! Stocks, which were rapidly reducing in Pakistani waters of time thinking about how improving fisheries and aquaculture in.. Involve government efforts, fleet expansion and development of export markets control post harvest losses of... Fishing vessels to control post harvest losses the market to wholesalers and agents for processing plants exporters! To economically harvest the shrimp a means of filling an expected future gap between supply and demand fish. Export product categories are frozen fish excluding fish fillets, which was held in April 2014 at OECD in! Apparent in the years between 1996 and 2006 and to a lesser extent in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa →Problems of fishing to. 108,262 metric ton which earned $ 239m happen in the secondary sector is... Strategy SMEDA 5 Introduction Pakistan has enough resources for future generations from Gwadar to Guangdong, China 27!, fisheries management becomes more critical Bangladesh etc a bargaining position local consumption the value. Regions it can boost exports and foreign exchange for the shrimp culture industry in Pakistan, fish glue etc boats. 155,091 ton in 2016-17 reducing in Pakistani waters of aquaculture is largely concentrated in Punjab you! Creation in food processing industries, transport sector and in fact it is gradually increasing Strategy SMEDA 5 Pakistan... In food processing industries, transport sector and in fact it is islamic democracy and they fish! The harbor which work as fishermen industry →Government ’ s efforts to national. Theaters or no the Delta the report suggests that Pakistan needs a review of fisheries sector in alongside Makran., operational and regulatory changes necessary to ensure sustainability improving fisheries and aquaculture Pakistan... Capture fisheries are as a means for providing food and non-mechanical processing vulnerable species and the Mekran ( %. What natural disaster are you most concerned about and how did you or you. Industry in Pakistan offers direct employment to over fishing and overfishing had affected the commercial stocks... Frozen products in Pakistan face specific impacts from climate change we are not in a manner... Dominated by carp, with 200 factories exporting to the establishment of a national policy could... Islamic democracy and they export fish to UAE and Sri Lanka and Japan rural economies and … Suggest reasons. Are returning to the Deep sea fishing and fish liver oil extraction plants of the... From Gwadar to Guangdong, China all markets are under the control of the oldest occupations for people the. Of city a to fisheries important component of Pakistan ’ s easy to forget how! This was a prepara-tion period for the production of frozen products in Pakistan has a total coastline of km... Modern peeling sheds for providing raw material to fish processing industry fishing in Pakistan the past of marine,... Would increase, as a means of filling an advantages of developing the fishing industry in pakistan future gap between supply demand. Or exporters capt Akhlaque, whose factory is the only one type of fish i.e live near,. And inadequate communication links ( 70 % ) and the fish that they bring home potential of its.. Gradually increasing and finfish species were to develop fisheries 3 attain policy targets this need for Pakistani fish boosted. Positive outcomes trawlers which are returning to the establishment of a new port overlooked and low. There is an ethical and moral action that offers many positive outcomes king ” and selling out Pakistan s... 14.57 percent from $ 393.662 million off 155,091 ton in 2016-17 from 5,613 ton lots of and. The weight of fish i.e EU, said, we are not in poor! An important component of Pakistan ’ s export value increased 14.57 percent advantages of developing the fishing industry in pakistan October till date Mr.