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Like the federal government and all other U.S. states, Colorado's state constitution provides for three branches of government: the legislative, the executive, and the judicial branches. Colorado became the first western state to host a major political convention when the Democratic Party met in Denver in 1908. The treaty took effect February 22, 1821. [132] Median Annual Household Income in 2016 was $70,666, 8th in the nation. [31], The Plains are also susceptible to occasional floods and particularly severe flash floods, which are caused both by thunderstorms and by the rapid melting of snow in the mountains during warm weather. Colorado State Patrol Headquarters 700 Kipling Street Lakewood, CO 80215 303.239.4500 (8:00 AM - 5:00pm M-F) 303.239.4400 (8:00 AM - 5:00pm M-F) 303.239.4501 (24 Hours) Customers should use electronic means to communicate with DWR staff as processing documents received via mail may be delayed. Colorado suffered greatly through the Great Depression and the Dust Bowl of the 1930s, but a major wave of immigration following World War II boosted Colorado's fortune. [105] Colorado's grape growing regions contain the highest elevation vineyards in the United States,[106] with most viticulture in the state practiced between 4,000 and 7,000 feet (1,219 and 2,134 m) above sea level. Other industries include food processing, transportation equipment, machinery, chemical products, the extraction of metals such as gold (see Gold mining in Colorado), silver, and molybdenum. The Western Slope includes many ski resort towns in the Rocky Mountains and towns west of the mountains. [20][21] The Four Corners Monument, located at the place where Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah meet, is the only place in the United States where four states meet.[19]. Denver is the capital and most populous city in Colorado. Colorado is represented by two United States Senators: Colorado is represented by seven Representatives to the United States House of Representatives: In 1881 Colorado voters approved a referendum that selected Denver as the state capital. Get help finding answers to your State Agency online services questions at the bottom right-hand corner of this homepage. The Colorado Department of Agriculture's Industrial Hemp Program regulates only the cultivation of industrial hemp. The following universities and colleges participate in the National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I. The election of Abraham Lincoln for the President of the United States on November 6, 1860, led to the secession of nine southern slave states and the threat of civil war among the states. Email Colorado's primary mode of transportation (in terms of passengers) is its highway system. 10-02: Update of Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their Uses", "Total Registered Voters By Party Affiliation and Status As of Fri Apr 01 2016 03:07:45 GMT-0600 (MDT)", "Colorado only state ever to turn down Olympics", "Colorado Amendment 43: Gay marriage banned; domestic partnerships also defeated", "Protect Colorado Residents From Federal Government Overreach | Colorado General Assembly", http://www.denverpost.com/business/ci_29225304/marijuana-has-huge-influence-colorado-tourism-state-survey, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of searchable databases produced by Colorado state agencies, USGS Colorado state facts, real-time, geographic, and other scientific resources of Colorado, 2000 Census of Population and Housing for Colorado, Colorado Historic Newspapers Collection (CHNC), Mountain and Desert Plants of Colorado and the Southwest, Holocene Volcano in Colorado (Smithsonian Institution Global Volcanism Program), Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area, cities with populations exceeding 100,000, 66 Areas of Critical Environmental Concern, Yanks Gulch/Upper Greasewood Creek Natural Area, Spanish involvement in the American Revolutionary War, Francisco Hernández de Córdoba (Yucatán conquistador), Francisco Hernández de Córdoba (founder of Nicaragua), Indigenous people during De Soto's travels, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Colorado&oldid=995445638, States and territories established in 1876, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2013, Articles containing potentially dated statements from April 2016, Wikipedia external links cleanup from April 2016, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, (I) No more than 2 ounces (57 g) of a usable form of marijuana; and. [125], On May 29, 2019, Governor Jared Polis signed House Bill 1124 immediately prohibiting law enforcement officials in Colorado from holding undocumented immigrants solely on the basis of a request from U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement.[161]. [142] Substantial deposits of bituminous, subbituminous, and lignite coal are found in the state. About 75% of the precipitation falls within the growing season, from April to September, but this area is very prone to droughts. Surface water sources include the South Platte, the Arkansas River, and a few other streams. [57][58] This period became known locally as the Carnation Gold Rush. [144], In August 2014, Colorado began to issue driver licenses to aliens not lawfully in the United States who lived in Colorado. As a general rule, with an increase in elevation comes a decrease in temperature and an increase in precipitation. Thunderstorms are common east of the Continental Divide in the spring and summer, yet are usually brief. Much of the alpine snow melts by mid-August with the exception of a few snow-capped peaks and a few small glaciers. By the U.S. Census in 1930, the population of Colorado first exceeded one million residents. The Ancient Pueblo peoples lived in the valleys and mesas of the Colorado Plateau. On the other side of the Rockies, the significant population centers in Western Colorado (which is not considered the "Front Range") are the cities of Grand Junction, Durango, and Montrose. The average January temperature is 18 °F (−8 °C) in the morning and 48 °F (9 °C) in the afternoon, although variation between consecutive days can be 40 °F (20 °C). The climate of Colorado is more complex than states outside of the Mountain States region. Most of the precipitation comes from thunderstorms, which can be severe, and from major snowstorms that occur in the winter and early spring. The 30 highest major summits of the Rocky Mountains of North America all lie within the state. The state also has a water court, which sits in seven distinct divisions around the state and which decides matters relating to water rights and the use and administration of water. CF&I railroad rails, wire, nails, and pipe debuted in Pueblo in 1892. A magnitude 5.7 earthquake was recorded in 1973. Mount Elbert is the highest summit of the Rocky Mountains. To the west of the Great Plains of Colorado rises the eastern slope of the Rocky Mountains. The Confederacy made no further attempts to seize the Southwestern United States. [135] In Colorado, this is managed by county motor vehicle offices. The Rocky Mountains within Colorado contain 53 true peaks with a total of 58 that are 14,000 feet (4,267 m) or higher in elevation above sea level, known as fourteeners. Tax is collected by the Colorado Department of Revenue. Colorado is divided into 22 judicial districts, each of which has a district court and a county court with limited jurisdiction. In addition to these and other federal agencies, Colorado has abundant National Forest land and four National Parks that contribute to federal ownership of 24,615,788 acres (99,617 km2) of land in Colorado, or 37% of the total area of the state. [30], Extreme weather changes are common in Colorado, although a significant portion of the extreme weather occurs in the least populated areas of the state. The Pikes Peak International Hill Climb is a major hillclimbing motor race held at the Pikes Peak Highway. The lowest official air temperature was −61 °F (−51.7 °C) on February 1, 1985, at Maybell.[44][45]. [3] Colorado is the only U.S. state that lies entirely above 1,000 meters elevation. On the effective date of the act through December 31, 2020, all employers in the state, regardless of size, are required to provide each of their employees paid sick leave for reasons related to the COVID-19 pandemic in the amounts and for the purposes specified in the federal "Emergency Paid Sick Leave Act" in the "Families First Coronavirus Response Act". The most popular college sports program is the University of Colorado Buffaloes, who used to play in the Big-12 but now play in the Pac-12. Colorado Springs Closes 12/26/2020 Senior Systems Engineer Denver Closes 1/11/2021 Vet Crt Peer Mentor Coordinator I Denver Closes 12/31/2020 Jobs marked with an asterisk (*) will use our online application system to apply. The U.S. acquired a territorial claim to the eastern Rocky Mountains with the Louisiana Purchase from France in 1803. Colorado State University’s two campuses in Pueblo and Fort Collins are collaborating with Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur of Mexico to develop an ecotourism education program and to establish an Institute for Ecotourism Studies. According to the 2010 United States Census, Colorado had a population of 5,029,196. Most Coloradans are native to other states (nearly 60% according to the 2000 census),[147] and this is illustrated by the fact that the state did not have a native-born governor from 1975 (when John David Vanderhoof left office) until 2007, when Bill Ritter took office; his election the previous year marked the first electoral victory for a native-born Coloradan in a gubernatorial race since 1958 (Vanderhoof had ascended from the Lieutenant Governorship when John Arthur Love was given a position in Richard Nixon's administration in 1973). The TV series Good Luck Charlie was being filmed in Denver, Colorado. Legal. ", "Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau : U.S. Department of the Treasury : Tables", "Colorado Wine Industry Development Board", "Grand Valley, Colorado—Top 10 Wine Getaways 2018—Wine Enthusiast Magazine", "A new Rocky Mountain high: Colorado open for cannabis tourism—The Santa Fe New Mexican: Travel", "Marijuana Sales Reports—Department of Revenue", "Marijuana Tax Data—Department of Revenue", "Industrial Hemp | Department of Agriculture—Plants", "Active State Medical Marijuana Programs—NORML", "Full Text of Colorado Amendment 20—Medical Use of Marijuana 2000", "Almost half of Colorado's marijuana money can go wherever lawmakers wish", "ACLU Joins Campaign To Regulate Marijuana Like Alcohol—ACLU—Colorado", "Colorado Stores Throw Open Their Doors to Pot Buyers", Rocky Mountain Intercollegiate Ski Association, "America's Top States for Business: Overall Rankings—2010", "Colorado Land Ownership by County (acres)", "Colorado rides on Fat Tire to beer heights", "News Release: Colorado Tourism Sets All-time Visitor Spending Record in 2018 | Colorado.com", "Local Area Unemployment Statistics Home Page", "Inspired by West Virginia Strike, Teachers in Oklahoma and Kentucky Plan Walk Out", "Immigrants here illegally begin receiving Colorado driver licenses", "524 Non-Citizens Received Regular Colorado Driver's Licenses, DMV Says", "State of Residence in 2000 by State of Birth", "OMB Bulletin No. The largest increases are expected in the Front Range Urban Corridor, especially in the Denver metropolitan area. The House has 65 members and the Senate has 35. Several Air Force teams participate in other conferences, or as independents, in sports that the MW does not sponsor: Several Colorado teams participate in other conferences in sports that the Pac-12 does not sponsor: Several Denver teams participate in other conferences in sports that The Summit League does not sponsor: Several Northern Colorado teams participate in other conferences in sports that the Big Sky does not sponsor: Colorado individual income tax return (2005), By legislative act enacted August 1, 2012, approved by Governor, The lesser coat of arms of France as used by the, United States Declaration of Independence, expected to be heavily affected by climate change, Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Provisional Government of the Territory of Jefferson, List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union, 1903-1904 Western Federation of Miners Strike, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Journal of the American Medical Association, List of college athletic programs in Colorado, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Byron G. Rogers Federal Building and United States Courthouse. Real estate and personal business property are taxable in Colorado. Mexico surrendered its northern territory to the U.S. with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo at the conclusion of the war in 1848. Planning your Colorado vacation is even easier with a Free Official State Vacation Guide, packed with stunning photography, itineraries and other trip ideas. Desert lands in Colorado are located in and around areas such as the Pueblo, Canon City, Florence, Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve, San Luis Valley, Cortez, Canyon of the Ancients National Monument, Hovenweep National Monument, Ute Mountain, Delta, Grand Junction, Colorado National Monument, and other areas surrounding the Uncompahgre Plateau and Uncompahgre National Forest. The Spanish Empire claimed Colorado as part of its New Mexico province prior to U.S. involvement in the region. For civilian out-of-state residents, include payment for the $6.50 extension fee. 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